This view was supplanted after discovering evidence of device use among chimpanzees and different primates, dolphins, and crows. For instance, researchers have observed wild chimpanzees utilizing primary foraging instruments, pestles, levers, using leaves as sponges, and tree bark or vines as probes to fish termites. West African chimpanzees use stone hammers and anvils for cracking nuts, as do capuchin monkeys of Boa Vista, Brazil. Tool use isn’t the only type of animal technology use; for example, beaver dams, built with wooden sticks or massive stones, are a technology with “dramatic” impacts on river habitats and ecosystems. Between the Nineteen Seventies and 1990s, American terrorist Ted Kaczynski carried out a collection of bombings across America and revealed the Unabomber Manifesto denouncing technology’s adverse impacts on nature and human freedom. It was partly impressed by Jacques Ellul’s The Technological Society.
- Due to artificial intelligence being much more capable than computers, and still